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De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis Physical Therapy Treatment

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a painful condition that affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wristPhysical therapy plays a crucial role in managing this condition by combining pain management strategies, targeted exercises and a comprehensive rehabilitation plan. This article delves into the details of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis physical therapy treatment highlighting exercises, sets, repetitions and a complete rehabilitation process.

Pain Management Strategies:

  1. Rest and Immobilization: The first step is to rest the affected hand and wrist to allow healing. Immobilization using a splint or brace helps reduce strain on the inflamed tendons.
  2. Cold Therapy: Applying ice to the affected area helps in reducing inflammation and numbing the pain. Cold therapy is usually recommend for about 15 to 20 minutes every few hours.
  3. Anti Inflammatory Medications: Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be prescribed by a healthcare professional to manage pain and inflammation.

Exercises for De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis:

It’s important to note that exercises should be performed gently and without causing additional pain. If any exercise worsens the pain it should be stopped immediately and a healthcare provider should be consulted.

  1. Thumb Stretch: Gently stretch the thumb by holding it down with the fingers of the opposite hand. Hold the stretch for 15 to  20 seconds and repeat it 3 to 5 times on each hand.
  2. Wrist Flexor Stretch: Extend the affected arm with the palm facing down. Use the opposite hand to gently bend the wrist downward until you feel a stretch along the forearm. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds repeating 3 to 5 times on each side.
  3. Wrist Extensor Stretch: Similar to the previous stretch but this time bend the wrist upward using the opposite hand to enhance the stretch.

Comprehensive Rehabilitation Plan:

Physical therapy for De Quervain’s tenosynovitis involves a phased approach to ensure a complete recovery:

  1. Phase 1 – Pain Relief and Protection (Weeks 1-2):

    • Rest and splinting as needed.
    • Cold therapy to manage inflammation.
    • Gentle range-of-motion exercises to prevent stiffness.
  2. Phase 2 – Strengthening (Weeks 3-6):

    • Begin thumb and wrist stretches.
    • Gradually introduce resistance exercises using therapy putty or a soft ball.
    • Focus on improving grip strength.
  3. Phase 3 – Functional Training (Weeks 7-10):

    • Incorporate more complex movements such as picking up objects of different shapes and sizes.
    • Work on wrist stability exercises.
    • Begin light activities that mimic daily tasks.
  4. Phase 4 – Return to Normal Activities (Weeks 11+):

    • Gradually return to work related and recreational activities.
    • Continue with exercises for maintenance and prevention.

Conclusion:

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis can be effectively manage through physical therapy that combines pain management techniques, target exercises and a well structure rehabilitation plan. By following the recommended exercises, sets, repetitions and phases of rehabilitation individuals can regain thumb and wrist functionality, reduce pain and minimize the risk of recurrence. It is essential to work closely with a qualified healthcare provider or physical therapist to tailor the treatment plan to individual needs and ensure a successful recovery.

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