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Knee Bursitis Physical Therapy Treatment: A Comprehensive Guide

Physical therapy is an effective treatment for knee bursitis. It can help to reduce pain and inflammation, improve range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the knee.

Physical therapy treatment for knee bursitis typically includes the following:

  • Rest and ice: During the early stages of knee bursitis, it is important to rest the knee and apply ice to the area to reduce inflammation.
  • Compression and elevation: Compression and elevation can also help to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be used to help reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, prescription medication may be necessary.
  • Physical therapy exercises: Once the inflammation has subsided, your physical therapist will develop a program of exercises to help you regain range of motion and strength in your knee.

Physical therapy exercises for knee bursitis may include:

  • Stretching exercises: Stretching exercises help to improve the flexibility of the muscles and tendons around the knee.
  • Strengthening exercises: Strengthening exercises help to strengthen the muscles around the knee, which can help to reduce stress on the bursae.
  • Balance and coordination exercises: Balance and coordination exercises can help to improve your stability and reduce the risk of falls.

Here are some specific examples of physical therapy exercises for knee bursitis:

  • Quadriceps stretch: Sit on the edge of a chair with your legs extended in front of you. Place a towel around the ball of your right foot and gently pull your toes towards your shin. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, then repeat on the left side.
  • Hamstring stretch: Sit on the ground with your legs extended in front of you. Reach towards your toes, keeping your back straight. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds.
  • Calf stretch: Stand facing a wall with your hands placed on the wall at shoulder height. Step back with your right foot and keep your left heel on the ground. Lean forward until you feel a stretch in the back of your right calf. Hold the stretch for 30 seconds, then repeat on the left side.
  • Knee extension: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the ground. Raise your right leg until it is straight in the air. Hold the position for 5 seconds, then slowly lower your leg back to the ground. Repeat on the left side.
  • Knee flexion: Lie on your stomach with your legs extended behind you. Bend your right knee and bring your heel towards your buttocks. Hold the position for 5 seconds, then slowly lower your leg back to the ground. Repeat on the left side.

If you have knee bursitis, it is important to see a physical therapist to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. With proper treatment, most people with knee bursitis make a full recovery.

Additional tips for managing knee bursitis:

  • Avoid activities that aggravate your symptoms.
  • Wear comfortable shoes with good arch support.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Apply heat to the area before activity and ice afterwards.
  • Use a brace or compression bandage to support the knee.

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