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Home » Anatomy » Patellar Dislocation Physical Therapy Treatment: Exercises, Sets, Repetition, and Pain Management

Patellar Dislocation Physical Therapy Treatment: Exercises, Sets, Repetition, and Pain Management

Introduction

Patellar dislocation is a common knee injury that occurs when the kneecap (patella) dislocates from the groove in the thighbone (femur). This can cause pain, swelling, and instability in the knee. Physical therapy is an important part of treatment for patellar dislocation, as it can help to strengthen the muscles around the knee, improve range of motion, and prevent future dislocations.

Exercises for Patellar Dislocation

There are a number of different exercises that can be helpful for patellar dislocation. Some of the most common exercises include:

  • Quadriceps sets: This exercise helps to strengthen the quadriceps muscles, which are located on the front of the thigh. To perform this exercise, sit with your legs extended straight out in front of you. Flex your quadriceps muscles by tightening them for 5 seconds. Relax and repeat 10 times. Opens in a new windowwww.saintlukeskc.org
  • Hamstring stretches: This exercise helps to stretch the hamstring muscles, which are located on the back of the thigh. To perform this exercise, sit on the floor with your legs extended straight out in front of you. Loop a towel around the arch of one foot and gently pull your leg towards your chest until you feel a stretch in the back of your thigh. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat on the other leg. Opens in a new windowwww.verywellfit.com
  • Straight-leg raises: This exercise helps to strengthen the quadriceps muscles and improve patellar tracking. To perform this exercise, lie on your back with your legs extended straight out in front of you. Tighten your quadriceps muscles and lift one leg up off the floor, keeping your leg straight. Hold for 5 seconds and lower your leg back down. Repeat 10 times on each leg. Opens in a new windowwww.hingehealth.com
  • Patellar mobilizations: These exercises help to improve patellar tracking and reduce patellofemoral pain. To perform this exercise, lie on your back with your legs bent and your knees pointing up. Gently move your kneecaps from side to side and up and down. Repeat 10 times. Opens in a new windowwww.verywellhealth.com
  • Closed chain exercises: These exercises help to strengthen the muscles around the knee while also improving proprioception and balance. Examples of closed chain exercises include squats, lunges, and step-ups.

Sets and Repetitions

The number of sets and repetitions you should do of each exercise will depend on your individual needs and goals. However, a good starting point is to do 2-3 sets of 10-12 repetitions of each exercise.

Pain Management

In addition to exercise, there are a number of other things you can do to manage pain from patellar dislocation. These include:

  • Rest: It is important to rest your knee after a patellar dislocation to give it time to heal. Avoid activities that cause pain, such as running, jumping, and squatting.
  • Ice: Apply ice to your knee for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day. This will help to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Compression: Wear a compression bandage or brace to help support your knee and reduce swelling.
  • Elevation: Elevate your knee above your heart whenever possible to help reduce swelling.
  • Over-the-counter pain medication: Over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach you exercises to help strengthen the muscles around your knee, improve range of motion, and prevent future dislocations.

FAQ

How long does it take to recover from patellar dislocation?

The amount of time it takes to recover from patellar dislocation varies depending on the severity of the injury. Some people may be able to return to their normal activities within a few weeks, while others may take several months or even longer.

What can I do to prevent future patellar dislocations?

There are a number of things you can do to help prevent future patellar dislocations, including:

  • Strengthening the muscles around your knee: This can be done through physical therapy or by doing exercises at home.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Excess weight can put extra stress on your knees.
  • Wearing supportive shoes: Shoes with good arch support and cushioning can help to reduce the risk of patellar dislocation.
  • Avoiding activities that cause pain: If an activity causes pain, stop doing it and try something else.
  • Warm up before activities: Warming up before activities can help to prevent injuries.

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