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Rehabilitation protocols and exercises for shoulder fracture and dislocation

Shoulder fractures and dislocations are common injuries that can occur as a result of trauma, such as a fall or a sports injury. These injuries can cause pain, stiffness, and weakness in the shoulder. In some cases, they can also lead to permanent damage.

The goal of rehabilitation for shoulder fractures and dislocations is to restore the range of motion, strength, and function of the shoulder. Carefull assessment and imaging study is important in rehabilitation process. This can be a long and challenging process, but it is important to be patient and persistent.

Phases of rehabilitation of shoulder fracture and dislocation

The rehabilitation process for shoulder fractures and dislocations typically follows a three-phase approach:

  • Phase 1: This phase focuses on reducing pain and inflammation. It may involve the use of ice, compression, elevation, and pain medication.
  • Phase 2: This phase focuses on restoring range of motion. It may involve exercises such as pendulum exercises, passive range of motion exercises, and active assisted range of motion exercises.
  • Phase 3: This phase focuses on strengthening the shoulder muscles. It may involve exercises such as isometric exercises, concentric exercises, and eccentric exercises.

Exercises for shoulder rehab

The specific exercises that are used will vary depending on the individual’s injury and their progress in the rehabilitation process. However, some common exercises that may be used include:

  • Pendulum exercises: These exercises involve swinging the arm in a pendulum motion. They are a gentle way to start moving the shoulder after an injury.
  • Passive range of motion exercises: These exercises involve having someone else move the arm through its range of motion. They can be helpful for increasing range of motion.
  • Active assisted range of motion exercises: These exercises involve the person actively moving the arm through its range of motion, with the help of someone else. They can be helpful for further increasing range of motion.
  • Isometric exercises: These exercises involve contracting the muscles without moving the joint. They are helpful for strengthening the muscles without putting stress on the joint.
  • Concentric exercises: These exercises involve contracting the muscles and moving the joint through its range of motion. They are helpful for strengthening the muscles and improving range of motion.
  • Eccentric exercises: These exercises involve contracting the muscles while the joint is moving in the opposite direction. They are helpful for strengthening the muscles and preventing injuries.

Conclusion

Rehabilitation for shoulder fractures and dislocations can be a long and challenging process, but it is important to be patient and persistent. With hard work and dedication, most people can fully recover from these injuries and regain their full range of motion, strength, and function.

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