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Swan Neck Deformity Physical Therapy

Swan neck deformity is a condition that affects the joints of the fingers causing them to bend in an abnormal way. This deformity can make it difficult to perform everyday tasks and can be painful. Fortunately, physical therapy can play a crucial role in the management and treatment of swan neck deformity helping individuals regain hand function and alleviate discomfort. In this article, we will explore how Swan neck deformity  physical therapy can be a valuable part of the treatment plan.

The Role of Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is a non-invasive approach to managing and treating swan neck deformity. A qualified physical therapist can create a personalized treatment plan tailored to the individual’s specific needs and condition. Here are some ways physical therapy can help:

1. Range of Motion Exercises:

  • Physical therapists use various exercises to improve the range of motion in the affected finger joints.
  • These exercises can help straighten the fingers and restore their normal function.

2. Strengthening Exercises:

  • Strengthening exercises target the muscles and tendons that control finger movement.
  • Enhanced finger strength can improve grip and dexterity.

3. Splinting:

  • Custom splints may be created to support the fingers and prevent further deformity.
  • Splints can be worn during specific activities or even at night to maintain finger alignment.

4. Pain Management:

  • Physical therapists can employ techniques to reduce pain and discomfort associated with swan neck deformity.
  • These may include manual therapy, modalities like heat or cold therapy and education on joint protection.

5. Functional Training:

  • Therapy may focus on improving hand function for daily activities.
  • Patients are taught adaptive strategies to accomplish tasks more easily.

6. Patient Education:

  • Physical therapists educate patients about their condition  including its causes and management.
  • Patients learn techniques for self care and pain management.


Swan neck deformity can be a challenging condition that affects hand function and quality of life. However, with the help of physical therapy individuals can make significant improvements. Early intervention and a tailored physical therapy program can help individuals regain hand function, reduce pain and enhance their ability to perform daily activities. If you or someone you know is dealing with swan neck deformity, consult with a healthcare professional and consider the benefits of physical therapy as part of the treatment plan.

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